Our A - Z

Please ensure to take time and read all of the Personal Model Management A - Z tips, for models. Below is a list of things you should know and terminology you will hear as your career begins. 

Our Experts have taken time to write this for you, please do ensure to take time to read. 

A
Advanced – This refers to money spent to cover a model's expenses such as airline ticket, accommodation, photographic session and so on. It also refers to money paid ahead for work not completed. All advances are later deducted from earnings. 
B 
Book or Portfolio - This contains the photographs and tear sheets that show a client examples of your work. It also refers to an agency's book that shows the models they represent and some of the work they have done. In both cases this book is an essential tool because it is proof of success. 
Booker - a booker is someone who works in a model agency and keeps track of which clients hire which models. 
Bookout - Notification to your agent that you're not available for a casting or job, for either professional or personal reasons. You are not available at this time, the clients cannot book you during that time, you've "booked out". 
Booking - A confirmed job assignment. 
Braces – These little horrors that adhorn the teeth have halted many a career. 
C 
Calltime - The time at which a model must be at the location and ready to work. 
Call Back / Recall - after the first casting a callback or recall is held to narrow down the selection process. It is not unusual to get a callback before getting job or being turned down.
Casting - Castings are notices of modelling jobs which are made to models,casting agencies, or on modelling websites. They show details of the types of models required for an upcoming production. This could mean a call where every model can apply or a date on which (preselected) models introduce themselves to the client, who will then make the final decision. The client sets the requirements and makes his/her choice. 
Casting Detail Sheet - Information sheet for the model, which contains all important information about a casting: calltime, direction, client etc . 
Catwalk/Runway - Catwalk or runway describes a narrow, usually elevated platform that runs into an auditorium, used by models to demonstrate clothing and accessories during a fashion show. 
Close Up - In film, television or photography a close-up tightly frames a person or an object. Close-ups are one of the standard shots used regularly along with medium shots and long shots. 
Composite Card - Also referred to as a comp card, sedcard, (zedcard) or model business card. A composite card is a piece of card which is printed with at least two photos of you in various poses, settings, outfits and looks (the widest variety possible). It includes your name, your contact information, usually your agency's info and all your stats. Comp cards come in lots of different formats depending on the city, agency and the type of model you are. Agencies will usually issue comp cards for you after they sign you. A composite card serves as the latest and best of a model's portfolio and are used as a business card. 
Contact Sheet – A sheet of negatives from a photographic shoot the best of which are chosen for your composite card and book. 
Copyright - Copyright is the set of exclusive rights granted to the author or creator of an original work, including the right to copy, distribute and adapt the work. These rights can be licensed, transferred and/or assigned. 
Cover Shooting - A photo shooting for a cover of a magazine. Depending on the magazine it has great significance for the awareness of the model. 
Cuttings - Documented releases of a model in magazines, catalogs or other medias. 
E 
Editorial - Photographs made to illustrate a story or idea within the context of a magazine. These are usually assigned by the magazine. 
F 
Fitting - The session that takes place before the photo shoot where the clothes to be modelled are fit onto the model. Based on the model's particulars, the clothes are usually altered to fit. When you go to a fitting, be prepared to stand around partially clothed all day long, in front of several people. These people will usually be stylists, seamstresses and designers. The fitting is often included in the day rate. 
G 
Go&See - A model's appointment to see a potential client, to present his book and his - or herself in person and to leave a good impression. Often a client keeps the models in mind for his next shoot/job. 
H 
Hair Stylist - A hairstylist is someone who cuts and styles hair. He or she often offers other services such as coloring and hair extensions. He or she cares for the perfect hair style of the model at the shooting, runway show or event. 
Head Sheet – An agency will usually have a book containing pictures and statistics of all of their models and/or a headsheet, which is a large sheet of paper containing the same details. This information is mailed to clients and is very instrumental in obtaining work. You will have to pay to be included in headsheets. 
Head Shot – A close up photograph of a models head and face. 
Haute Couture – This is French or high fashion. 
L 
Look – .You will sometimes hear people talk about the certain 'look' a model has, or the 'look' associated with certain agencies. A model has to be considered 'Editorial' which means suitable for fashion magazine work, or 'Commercial' which means the model is suitable for advertsing work. An agency might look for models with very classic features and concentrate on high fashion work using that type of model. Another agency may focus on commercial work. These days agencies are becoming very deversified and are less defined by a specific 'look'. Models however are still categorized to a certain extent. 
Lingerie - Lingerie is the word use for alluring undergarments. 
Location - Any place where a shoot (photography or film) takes place. When you are on location, it means you are outside the controlled environment of the studio or soundstage and should prepare accordingly. 
M
Make-Up Artist - A Makeup artist ( me) is an artist who's medium isthe human body, applying makeup and prosthetics for theatrical, television, film, fashion, magazines and other similar productions including all aspects of the modeling industry. 
Model Agency - A model agency is a company that represents fashion models, to work for the fashion industry. These agencies earn their income via commission, usually from the deal they make with the model or the client. The model agency presents the models to the clients, promotes them to foreign agencies and is in charge of the models chart, book, portfolio, buyouts, travel etc. 
Model Release - A legal document provided by the client/photographer and signed by the model or agent. It gives permission to the photographer to use photographs taken at a particular sitting. If photographs are used without a release, or in way different from what is stated in the release, then the model can sue for breach of contract. 
N 
New Faces - New Faces or newcomer are models who are new into business. They are just starting their career and usually don't have a professional book done. 
O 
On Location – That is where the shoot takes place. It can be a place you know well, or an exotic spot on the other side of the world. This is your opportunity to travel, with all expenses paid, including your salary. 
Option – This is a term used when a model's assignment is put on hold weather conditions are questionable, or because the final decision to book him or her has not yet been made. 
P 
Pret a Porter – Means ready to wear. 
Prints - Prints are printed negatives, the real photos. 
Photogenic – The ability to photograph well. No matter how fabulous you look in peson, an agent or scout will always want to see your photographs. 
Personal Model Manager - PMM. 
S 
Sed Card - See Composite Card.
Set - This is where the action of shoot takes place usually within a professional studio or within a location. It includes all the elements which make the shoot; for example the lighting, camera, art direction and art directed scenery. 
Shooting - Shooting in general means the implementation of photo or film shoots. 
Stock Photos - Stock photography is the supply of photographs licensed for specific uses. It is used to fulfil the needs of creative assignments instead of hiring a photographer. Today, stock images are usually presented in searchable online databases, where they are then purchased and delivered online. Often, they are produced in studios using a wide variety of models posing as professionals, stereotypes, expressing stereotypical emotions and gesticulations or involving pets. 
Stylist - The stylist is in charge of the outfit of the model and discussing at length with the photographer or director, about theme of the shoot. 
T 
Tearsheet - sometimes written 'Tear sheet' is a term used by Advertising agencies to denote a page cut or torn from a publication to prove to the client that the advertisement was published. Media buying agencies are often required by clients to provide tear sheets along with a post analysis of any advertising campaign. 
Test Shooting/TFP - An agreement between the model and photographer to where by they work for each other on a mutually beneficial basis. No fees other than sharing film-and-developing expenses are involved. They work together on a new idea or on their portfolios. The photographer provides a selection of prints from the shoot in recognition of the model's time commitment. 
U 
Usage - Models get paid for each different medium in which their photograph is used. These different mediums, or usages, may include: consumer magazines, trade magazines, product packaging, print ads, bus ads, subway ads, billboards, magazine covers, direct mail, magazine editorials, posters, catalogues, brochures, point-of-purchase (point- of-sale or p-o-p), annual reports, book covers, kiosk, duratrans (those big portable billboards that are towed around behind trucks), newspapers, etc. The model receives an additional fee for each usage the client buys. Usages also vary according to time and region. The longer the ad runs and the more markets in which it appears, all drive up the model's fee. The largest usage is the unlimited time usage, worldwide buyout. That means the client can plaster the photograph across every city in the world in every possible usage until the end of time.